TD Ameritrade

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Roth IRA Conversions

Convert a Traditional IRA to a Roth IRA that offers tax-deferred growth and potentially tax-free withdrawals once you reach retirement.

Benefits of a Roth IRA

  • Withdrawals of earnings are free from federal income tax, provided the Roth IRA has been in existence for five years and you are at least 59½.
  • Contributions can be withdrawn anytime without federal income taxes or penalties.
  • RMDs (Required Minimum Distribution) are not required.
  • Distributions for your beneficiaries are tax-free.

Eligibility Requirements

Effective January 1, 2010, you can convert a Traditional IRA to a Roth IRA regardless of your income level. Prior to 2010, individuals or couples with modified adjusted gross income in excess of $100,000 were ineligible to convert retirement savings to a Roth IRA.

Cost of Converting

When you convert to a Roth IRA, you must pay income tax on the otherwise taxable amount of the transfer. To maximize the benefits of conversion, the money to pay those taxes should come from a source outside the Traditional IRA you are converting. You may convert your Traditional IRA over several years to manage the tax consequences.

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