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Calculate your required minimum distributions (RMDs)

The RMD calculator makes it easy to determine your required minimum distribution from a Traditional IRA to avoid penalties and costly mistakes. A required minimum distribution (RMD) is the minimum amount of money that a Traditional IRA holder is required to withdraw annually once they reach the RMD age threshold. Use the RMD calculator to find your RMD amount.

 

What you need to know about RMDs

Age requirementsglasses

With Traditional IRAs, you are required to take annual RMDs. If you were born on or before June 30, 1949, you must begin taking RMDs at age 70 1/2. If you were born after June 30, 1949, you must begin taking RMDs at age 72.

 

While you must take your RMD by December 31st of every year, you can delay taking your first RMD until April 1st of the year after you reach RMD Age. Bear in mind, however, that this means you will be taking two RMDs that year (one by April 1st and another by December 31st).

 

 

How RMDs are calculateddollars and percents

The amount you are required to take annually is calculated using a variety of factors. It's not a set number and can vary from year to year as well as account to account.

 

Multiple IRAspeople shaking hands

If you have multiple IRAs, you must calculate the RMD for each one separately. Once your total RMD amount is calculated, you can choose to distribute the funds from any or all of the accounts as you see fit. In other words, you can use one IRA account to satisfy your RMDs for all of your IRAs or you can take the corresponding RMD amount out of each account. As long as the total RMD amount is satisfied, the number of accounts used does not matter.

RMD Distributionspie chart

Once the RMD is taken from your account, you don't have to spend it. While the funds cannot remain in a tax-deferred account, they can be put into a taxable account. You could even choose to do a distribution in kind and move the assets in your IRA into a taxable brokerage account.

Taxes and penaltiespiggy bank

Generally, your RMDs are taxed as regular income within the year they are taken, but RMDs can also be subject to state and local taxes. If you fail to take an RMD, the IRS will impose an additional 50% penalty on your RMD amount. For example, if your RMD was $5,000 and you missed the deadline to take it, the IRS would issue a penalty of $2,500. For more detailed information on tax implications, please consult a tax advisor.

 

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